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A Library Tour through
3 Nephi 15-18
3 Nephi 15
1 And now it came to pass that when Jesus had ended these sayings he cast his eyes
round about on the multitude, and said unto them: Behold, ye have heard the things
which I taught before I ascended to my Father; therefore, whoso remembereth these
sayings of mine and doeth them, him will I raise up at the last day.
2 And it came to pass that when Jesus had said these words he perceived that there
were some among them who marveled, and wondered what he would concerning the law
of Moses; for they understood not the saying that old things had passed away, and
that all things had become new.
3 And he said unto them: Marvel not that I said unto you that old things had passed
away, and that all things had become new.
4 Behold, I say unto you that the law is fulfilled that was given unto Moses.
5 Behold, I am he that gave the law, and I am he who covenanted with my people Israel;
therefore, the law in me is fulfilled, for I have come to fulfil the law; therefore
it hath an end.
6 Behold, I do not destroy the prophets, for as many as have not been fulfilled in
me, verily I say unto you, shall all be fulfilled.
7 And because I said unto you that old things have passed away, I do not destroy
that which hath been spoken concerning things which are to come.
8 For behold, the covenant which I have made with my people is not all fulfilled;
but the law which was given unto Moses hath an end in me.
9 Behold, I am the law, and the light. Look unto me, and endure to the end, and ye
shall live; for unto him that endureth to the end will I give eternal life.
10 Behold, I have given unto you the commandments; therefore keep my commandments.
And this is the law and the prophets, for they truly testified of me.
11 And now it came to pass that when Jesus had spoken these words, he said unto those
twelve whom he had chosen:
12 Ye are my disciples; and ye are a light unto this people, who are a remnant of
the house of Joseph.
13 And behold, this is the land of your inheritance; and the Father hath given it
14 And not at any time hath the Father given me commandment that I should tell it
unto your brethren at Jerusalem.
15 Neither at any time hath the Father given me commandment that I should tell unto
them concerning the other tribes of the house of Israel, whom the Father hath led
away out of the land.
16 This much did the Father command me, that I should tell unto them:
17 That other sheep I have which are not of this fold; them also I must bring, and
they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.
18 And now, because of stiffneckedness and unbelief they understood not my word;
therefore I was commanded to say no more of the Father concerning this thing unto
19 But, verily, I say unto you that the Father hath commanded me, and I tell it unto
you, that ye were separated from among them because of their iniquity; therefore
it is because of their iniquity that they know not of you.
20 And verily, I say unto you again that the other tribes hath the Father separated
from them; and it is because of their iniquity that they know not of them.
21 And verily I say unto you, that ye are they of whom I said: Other sheep I have
which are not of this fold; them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice;
and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.
22 And they understood me not, for they supposed it had been the Gentiles; for they
understood not that the Gentiles should be converted through their preaching.
23 And they understood me not that I said they shall hear my voice; and they understood
me not that the Gentiles should not at any time hear my voice -- that I should not
manifest myself unto them save it were by the Holy Ghost.
24 But behold, ye have both heard my voice, and seen me; and ye are my sheep, and
ye are numbered among those whom the Father hath given me.
3 Nephi 16
1 And verily, verily, I say unto you that I have other sheep which are not of this
land, neither of the land of Jerusalem, neither in any parts of that land round about
whither I have been to minister.
2 For they of whom I speak are they who have not as yet heard my voice; neither have
I at any time manifested myself unto them.
3 But I have received a commandment of the Father that I shall go unto them, and
that they shall hear my voice, and shall be numbered among my sheep, that there may
be one fold and one shepherd; therefore I go to show myself unto them.
4 And I command you that ye shall write these sayings after I am gone, that if it
so be that my people at Jerusalem, they who have seen me and been with me in my ministry,
do not ask the Father in my name, that they may receive a knowledge of you by the
Holy Ghost, and also of the other tribes whom they know not of, that these sayings
which ye shall write shall be kept and shall be manifested unto the Gentiles, that
through the fulness of the Gentiles, the remnant of their seed, who shall be scattered
forth upon the face of the earth because of their unbelief, may be brought in, or
may be brought to a knowledge of me, their Redeemer.
5 And then will I gather them in from the four quarters of the earth; and then will
I fulfill the covenant which the Father hath made unto all the people of the house
6 And blessed are the Gentiles, because of their belief in me, in and of the Holy
Ghost, which witnesses unto them of me and of the Father.
7 Behold, because of their belief in me, saith the Father, and because of the unbelief
of you, O house of Israel, in the latter day shall the truth come unto the Gentiles,
that the fulness of these things shall be made known unto them.
8 But wo, saith the Father, unto the unbelieving of the Gentiles -- for notwithstanding
they have come forth upon the face of this land, and have scattered my people who
are of the house of Israel; and my people who are of the house of Israel have been
cast out from among them, and have been trodden under feet by them;
9 And because of the mercies of the Father unto the Gentiles, and also the judgments
of the Father upon my people who are of the house of Israel, verily, verily, I say
unto you, that after all this, and I have caused my people who are of the house of
Israel to be smitten, and to be afflicted, and to be slain, and to be cast out from
among them, and to become hated by them, and to become a hiss and a byword among
10 And thus commandeth the Father that I should say unto you: At that day when the
Gentiles shall sin against my gospel, and shall reject the fulness of my gospel,
and shall be lifted up in the pride of their hearts above all nations, and above
all the people of the whole earth, and shall be filled with all manner of lyings,
and of deceits, and of mischiefs, and all manner of hypocrisy, and murders, and priestcrafts,
and whoredoms, and of secret abominations; and if they shall do all those things,
and shall reject the fulness of my gospel, behold, saith the Father, I will bring
the fulness of my gospel from among them.
11 And then will I remember my covenant which I have made unto my people, O house
of Israel, and I will bring my gospel unto them.
12 And I will show unto thee, O house of Israel, that the Gentiles shall not have
power over you; but I will remember my covenant unto you, O house of Israel, and
ye shall come unto the knowledge of the fulness of my gospel.
13 But if the Gentiles will repent and return unto me, saith the Father, behold they
shall be numbered among my people, O house of Israel.
14 And I will not suffer my people, who are of the house of Israel, to go through
among them, and tread them down, saith the Father.
15 But if they will not turn unto me, and hearken unto my voice, I will suffer them,
yea, I will suffer my people, O house of Israel, that they shall go through among
them, and shall tread them down, and they shall be as salt that hath lost its savor,
which is thenceforth good for nothing but to be cast out, and to be trodden under
foot of my people, O house of Israel.
16 Verily, verily, I say unto you, thus hath the Father commanded me -- that I should
give unto this people this land for their inheritance.
17 And then the words of the prophet Isaiah shall be fulfilled, which say:
18 Thy watchmen shall lift up the voice; with the voice together shall they sing,
for they shall see eye to eye when the Lord shall bring again Zion.
19 Break forth into joy, sing together, ye waste places of Jerusalem; for the Lord
hath comforted his people, he hath redeemed Jerusalem.
20 The Lord hath made bare his holy arm in the eye of all the nations; and all the
ends of the earth shall see the salvation of God.
3 Nephi 17
1 Behold, now it came to pass that when Jesus had spoken these words he looked round
about again on the multitude, and he said unto them: Behold, my time is at hand.
2 I perceive that ye are weak, that ye cannot understand all my words which I am
commanded of the Father to speak unto you at this time.
3 Therefore, go ye unto your homes, and ponder upon the things which I have said,
and ask of the Father, in my name, that ye may understand, and prepare your minds
for the morrow, and I come unto you again.
4 But now I go unto the Father, and also to show myself unto the lost tribes of Israel,
for they are not lost unto the Father, for he knoweth whither he hath taken them.
5 And it came to pass that when Jesus had thus spoken, he cast his eyes round about
again on the multitude, and beheld they were in tears, and did look steadfastly upon
him as if they would ask him to tarry a little longer with them.
6 And he said unto them: Behold, my bowels are filled with compassion towards you.
7 Have ye any that are sick among you? Bring them hither. Have ye any that are lame,
or blind, or halt, or maimed, or leprous, or that are withered, or that are deaf,
or that are afflicted in any manner? Bring them hither and I will heal them, for
I have compassion upon you; my bowels are filled with mercy.
8 For I perceive that ye desire that I should show unto you what I have done unto
your brethren at Jerusalem, for I see that your faith is sufficient that I should
9 And it came to pass that when he had thus spoken, all the multitude, with one accord,
did go forth with their sick and their afflicted, and their lame, and with their
blind, and with their dumb, and with all them that were afflicted in any manner;
and he did heal them every one as they were brought forth unto him.
10 And they did all, both they who had been healed and they who were whole, bow down
at his feet, and did worship him; and as many as could come for the multitude did
kiss his feet, insomuch that they did bathe his feet with their tears.
11 And it came to pass that he commanded that their little children should be brought.
12 So they brought their little children and set them down upon the ground round
about him, and Jesus stood in the midst; and the multitude gave way till they had
all been brought unto him.
13 And it came to pass that when they had all been brought, and Jesus stood in the
midst, he commanded the multitude that they should kneel down upon the ground.
14 And it came to pass that when they had knelt upon the ground, Jesus groaned within
himself, and said: Father, I am troubled because of the wickedness of the people
of the house of Israel.
15 And when he had said these words, he himself also knelt upon the earth; and behold
he prayed unto the Father, and the things which he prayed cannot be written, and
the multitude did bear record who heard him.
16 And after this manner do they bear record: The eye hath never seen, neither hath
the ear heard, before, so great and marvelous things as we saw and heard Jesus speak
unto the Father;
17 And no tongue can speak, neither can there be written by any man, neither can
the hearts of men conceive so great and marvelous things as we both saw and heard
Jesus speak; and no one can conceive of the joy which filled our souls at the time
we heard him pray for us unto the Father.
18 And it came to pass that when Jesus had made an end of praying unto the Father,
he arose; but so great was the joy of the multitude that they were overcome.
19 And it came to pass that Jesus spake unto them, and bade them arise.
20 And they arose from the earth, and he said unto them: Blessed are ye because of
your faith. And now behold, my joy is full.
21 And when he had said these words, he wept, and the multitude bare record of it,
and he took their little children, one by one, and blessed them, and prayed unto
the Father for them.
22 And when he had done this he wept again;
23 And he spake unto the multitude, and said unto them: Behold your little ones.
24 And as they looked to behold they cast their eyes towards heaven, and they saw
the heavens open, and they saw angels descending out of heaven as it were in the
midst of fire; and they came down and encircled those little ones about, and they
were encircled about with fire; and the angels did minister unto them.
25 And the multitude did see and hear and bear record; and they know that their record
is true for they all of them did see and hear, every man for himself; and they were
in number about two thousand and five hundred souls; and they did consist of men,
women, and children.
3 Nephi 18
1 And it came to pass that Jesus commanded his disciples that they should bring forth
some bread and wine unto him.
2 And while they were gone for bread and wine, he commanded the multitude that they
should sit themselves down upon the earth.
3 And when the disciples had come with bread and wine, he took of the bread and brake
and blessed it; and he gave unto the disciples and commanded that they should eat.
4 And when they had eaten and were filled, he commanded that they should give unto
5 And when the multitude had eaten and were filled, he said unto the disciples: Behold
there shall one be ordained among you, and to him will I give power that he shall
break bread and bless it and give it unto the people of my church, unto all those
who shall believe and be baptized in my name.
6 And this shall ye always observe to do, even as I have done, even as I have broken
bread and blessed it and given it unto you.
7 And this shall ye do in remembrance of my body, which I have shown unto you. And
it shall be a testimony unto the Father that ye do always remember me. And if ye
do always remember me ye shall have my Spirit to be with you.
Chapter 11 – Half-line Parallelism, Couplets, and Tricolon
As with the other chapters of this book, each of the literary forms discussed is
succinctly explained, followed by a good number of examples. I find it enlightening
to ponder these forms, because the association of ideas adds synergism to the passages.
What many readers have viewed as dull repetition emerges as brilliant Hebrew parallelism,
enhancing the message of the passage.
And it shall be a testimony unto the Father that ye do always remember me,
And if ye do always remember me ye shall have my Spirit to be with you.
This brief couplet offers a practical glimpse of the relationship in the Godhead,
and how we in turn relate to them.
“I believe the conclusion is inescapable that the Book of Mormon contains numerous
parallelistic passages that are similar in many respects to the most beautiful parallelistic
passages in the Old Testament and in the teachings of Jesus. What is known as poetic
in the Old Testament is comparable to what most people think of as prose passages
in the Book of Mormon. It is thus time to recognize that much of the Book of Mormon
is composed in parallelistic passages . . . [Many are] part of chiasms, alternates,
or other types of parallelisms – [others] stand on their own as simple parallelisms
– beautiful, artistic, poetic, and meaningful.”
8 And it came to pass that when he said these words, he commanded his disciples that
they should take of the wine of the cup and drink of it, and that they should also
give unto the multitude that they might drink of it.
9 And it came to pass that they did so, and did drink of it and were filled; and
they gave unto the multitude, and they did drink, and they were filled.
10 And when the disciples had done this, Jesus said unto them: Blessed are ye for
this thing which ye have done, for this is fulfilling my commandments, and this doth
witness unto the Father that ye are willing to do that which I have commanded you.
11 And this shall ye always do to those who repent and are baptized in my name; and
ye shall do it in remembrance of my blood, which I have shed for you, that ye may
witness unto the Father that ye do always remember me. And if ye do always remember
me ye shall have my Spirit to be with you.
12 And I give unto you a commandment that ye shall do these things. And if ye shall
always do these things blessed are ye, for ye are built upon my rock.
13 But whoso among you shall do more or less than these are not built upon my rock,
but are built upon a sandy foundation; and when the rain descends, and the floods
come, and the winds blow, and beat upon them, they shall fall, and the gates of hell
are ready open to receive them.
14 Therefore blessed are ye if ye shall keep my commandments, which the Father hath
commanded me that I should give unto you.
15 Verily, verily, I say unto you, ye must watch and pray always, lest ye be tempted
by the devil, and ye be led away captive by him.
16 And as I have prayed among you even so shall ye pray in my church, among my people
who do repent and are baptized in my name. Behold I am the light; I have set an example
17 And it came to pass that when Jesus had spoken these words unto his disciples,
he turned again unto the multitude and said unto them:
18 Behold, verily, verily, I say unto you, ye must watch and pray always lest ye
enter into temptation; for Satan desireth to have you, that he may sift you as wheat.
19 Therefore ye must always pray unto the Father in my name;
20 And whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, which is right, believing that
ye shall receive, behold it shall be given unto you.
21 Pray in your families unto the Father, always in my name, that your wives and
your children may be blessed.
22 And behold, ye shall meet together oft; and ye shall not forbid any man from coming
unto you when ye shall meet together, but suffer them that they may come unto you
and forbid them not;
23 But ye shall pray for them, and shall not cast them out; and if it so be that
they come unto you oft ye shall pray for them unto the Father, in my name.
24 Therefore, hold up your light that it may shine unto the world. Behold I am the
light which ye shall hold up -- that which ye have seen me do. Behold ye see that
I have prayed unto the Father, and ye all have witnessed.
25 And ye see that I have commanded that none of you should go away, but rather have
commanded that ye should come unto me, that ye might feel and see; even so shall
ye do unto the world; and whosoever breaketh this commandment suffereth himself to
be led into temptation.
26 And now it came to pass that when Jesus had spoken these words, he turned his
eyes again upon the disciples whom he had chosen, and said unto them:
27 Behold verily, verily, I say unto you, I give unto you another commandment, and
then I must go unto my Father that I may fulfil other commandments which he hath
28 And now behold, this is the commandment which I give unto you, that ye shall not
suffer any one knowingly to partake of my flesh and blood unworthily, when ye shall
29 For whoso eateth and drinketh my flesh and blood unworthily eateth and drinketh
damnation to his soul; therefore if ye know that a man is unworthy to eat and drink
of my flesh and blood ye shall forbid him.
30 Nevertheless, ye shall not cast him out from among you, but ye shall minister
unto him and shall pray for him unto the Father, in my name; and if it so be that
he repenteth and is baptized in my name, then shall ye receive him, and shall minister
unto him of my flesh and blood.
31 But if he repent not he shall not be numbered among my people, that he may not
destroy my people, for behold I know my sheep, and they are numbered.
32 Nevertheless, ye shall not cast him out of your synagogues, or your places of
worship, for unto such shall ye continue to minister; for ye know not but what they
will return and repent, and come unto me with full purpose of heart, and I shall
heal them; and ye shall be the means of bringing salvation unto them.
33 Therefore, keep these sayings which I have commanded you that ye come not under
condemnation; for wo unto him whom the Father condemneth.
34 And I give you these commandments because of the disputations which have been
among you. And blessed are ye if ye have no disputations among you.
35 And now I go unto the Father, because it is expedient that I should go unto the
Father for your sakes.
36 And it came to pass that when Jesus had made an end of these sayings, he touched
with his hand the disciples whom he had chosen, one by one, even until he had touched
them all, and spake unto them as he touched them.
37 And the multitude heard not the words which he spake, therefore they did not bear
record; but the disciples bare record that he gave them power to give the Holy Ghost.
And I will show unto you hereafter that this record is true.
38 And it came to pass that when Jesus had touched them all, there came a cloud and
overshadowed the multitude that they could not see Jesus.
39 And while they were overshadowed he departed from them, and ascended into heaven.
And the disciples saw and did bear record that he ascended again into heaven.